A new form of herbal medicine has been found to reduce anxiety, depression, insomnia and other mental health problems and to ease the symptoms of opioid withdrawal.
Kratom, also known as Mitragyna speciosa, is a plant with a plant-derived alkaloid that can be smoked, ingested or taken as a tea or powder.
Its popularity among users has surged in recent years, with the World Health Organization recently saying that more than half of people surveyed had tried kratom.
Karma.com has compiled a guide to the most commonly used types of kratom and other herbal medicines.
Ketamine is a synthetic opioid.
It is not derived from the kratom plant and is not a legal drug.
But it can be used in treating symptoms of chronic pain, including opioid withdrawal, and it is used in some countries to treat chronic nausea and vomiting.
Mitragyna is a tree-derived compound that contains a molecule called mitragynine, which is the same compound found in kratom leaves.
Krypton is an anesthetic, which helps ease the effects of pain.
It can be taken orally or injected.
Kopacum is a derivative of kopacurium, a plant that contains alkaloids that have been shown to improve sleep, improve mood and reduce anxiety.
The combination of kolactone, a painkiller and oxytocin, a hormone that promotes bonding and social bonding, can increase the effectiveness of opioids.
It can also help reduce the risk of cancer.
Citation: “Kratom for the Treatment of Anxiety and Depression: A Review of Studies,” Alyssa J. Schumacher, M.D., and William A. Coker, M., editors, Kratom: A Natural Alternative to Opioid Medication, Journal of Addictive Diseases, 2016.